Course: Grandmaster course
Video lesson

Introduction to CFD’s

Are you interested in investing but don’t know where to start? CFDs, or Contracts for Difference, are a great option for beginners. CFDs provide investors with the opportunity to gain exposure to markets without having to buy physical assets. In this chapter, we’ll explain what CFDs are, how they work, and why they could be a good choice for you.

CFDs are an agreement between two parties that allow them to exchange the difference between the opening price and closing price of a contract. The contract is derived from an underlying asset such as stocks, commodities, indices or currencies. Investors do not own the asset itself; instead they speculate on the future direction of its price movements.  This means that investors can take advantage of both rising and falling markets with one investment instrument.  Furthermore, investors can trade in leveraged positions which allows them to open larger positions with smaller amounts of capital, also known as margin, than would otherwise be possible when trading outright on a particular market. The use of leverage also facilitates access to assets which may be out of reach due to high capital requirements (e.g., foreign exchange).  Finally, investors can benefit from 24-hour trading opportunities since many markets trade around the clock (e.g., forex).

Investors enter into a contract with their broker specifying the details of their position such as size/amount and duration/expiry date. When an investor closes out their position prior to expiry, they will receive either profit or loss depending on whether their speculation was correct or incorrect respectively.

The spread, on the other hand, refers to the difference between the buy (ask) and sell (bid) prices of a CFD. It represents the broker’s fee for facilitating the trade and varies across assets and markets. A narrower spread implies lower costs for traders, making it easier to generate profits, while a wider spread increases the breakeven point for a trade.

In CFD trading, if a trader expects the price of an asset to rise, they would enter a ‘buy’ position (going long). Conversely, if they anticipate a price drop, they would enter a ‘sell’ position (going short). The trader aims to close the position at a later time, profiting from the price difference between opening and closing the trade. The profit or loss is calculated based on the difference in prices multiplied by the size of the position.

Keep in mind that fees may apply when entering into a CFD contract so it is important to understand these before making any investments.  It is also important to remember that leverage can significantly amplify profits as well as losses so it should be used responsibly!


Overall, if you’re looking for an easy way to get involved in investing without having too much financial risk then consider using Contracts for Difference (CFDs). They offer investors exposure to markets without having to buy physical assets directly while still enjoying access to leveraged positions and 24 hour trading opportunities across multiple markets around the world! However, you should always keep in mind that fees may apply when entering into a CFD contract so make sure you understand these before making any investments! With that being said, we hope this article has provided some helpful information about what CFDs are and how you can use them effectively! Good luck!